A Guide on Functioning of LED Lighting

Light emitting diode (LED) lighting more and more penetrates into everyday life. Let’s see if it actually has maximum advantages / minimum disadvantages.

What is LED lighting?

LED lighting is one of the promising artificial lighting technologies based on the use of LED light sources.

The use of LEDs as light sources became possible after the development of diodes that emit a white spectrum. The principle operation of led is based on the physics of semiconductors. A diode consists of two semiconductor materials in contact with each other, one of which is dominated by electrons, and the other is dominated by positive ions. 

When an electric current passes through the contact boundary, the recombination of electrons and ions occurs. As a result, electrons move to another energy level, and an excess of energy appears. With LEDs, this surplus comes out in the form of light radiation (to a small extent in the form of heat).

Application area


Led is installed in ceiling, wall, decorative lamps. Widespread LED strips for lighting cabinets, niches, ceilings, furniture. One-piece LED luminaires and models with a replaceable lamp are on sale. Also, due to the unification of led, they fit most of the existing chandeliers, sconces and floor lamps.


In industry, they are used not only in offices and offices. LED lighting with the required degree of protection is used for production workshops, warehouses, farms, greenhouses. Led-models are good because they withstand harsh operating conditions: high humidity, different temperatures, dust, dirt. If you take from good brands like LEPRO then LEPRO LED light fixtures are not high.


For offices and industrial buildings, built-in or surface-mounted led ceiling lamps are used. They are often installed in suspended ceilings (PVC or Armstrong type). Led-models give a uniform diffused light, do not buzz and instantly go out of working power.


Sales directly depend on lighting in stores. The main purpose of the light: to present the product in the desired and successful perspective. For this, LED track, modular, gimbal, spot models of lamps, as well as downlight lamps are used. The task of the luminaires is to create a directional luminous flux to highlight the product.


Used when turning off the main lighting. It is used in industry, medical, entertainment facilities, and shopping centers. LED emergency luminaires can be completely self-contained or connected to a separate emergency power line.  


Illuminates highways, city roads, streets, parks, footpaths. Also, led is used to illuminate the facades of historical buildings, sculptures, shopping centers. It is used to broadcast advertisements on billboards and screens, to create light installations and paintings.

They vary in range from price and power consumption perspective. E.g., 1000-watt parking lot light fixtures will be different from a 100-watt parking lot light.


LED floodlights are used to illuminate stadiums, train stations, airports and other large public areas.

Decorative LED lighting options

Decorative lighting gives completeness to the interior, a kind of zest. One way to emphasize a particular subject is to illuminate it with a directional beam of light.

Floor and ceiling lighting will visually expand the space. Miniature lamps and LED strips serve the same purpose: they will add additional volume to small rooms.

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