Heavy rainfall in recent years has been caused by global warming. As the Earth warms, so does the atmosphere. Warmer air can hold more moisture, so there are heavier rainstorms. The temperature rise has also led to more evaporation of water from the Earth’s surface, which condenses into rainclouds. The increase in the number of storms is predicted to continue as the Earth’s temperature rises.
How Climate Change is Causing Heavier Downpours?
Climate change is impacting the frequency and severity of heavy rainfall events worldwide. It is causing heavy downpours to happen more often and with greater intensity. This affects people in many ways, including businesses, agriculture, aviation, and energy.
According to recent research, the average global precipitation has increased by about 4 percent since 1900. This may not sound like much, but it translates into about 10 billion tons of extra water dumped on the planet every year.
One study found that the amount of rain falling in very heavy events increased by 12 percent between 1958 and 2007 in some regions of China. The study also found that these extreme rain events are becoming more common.
One study found that the number of days with rain exceeding 10 mm (0.4 inches) per day has doubled since 1901 across North America and Europe.
Another found that India’s rainy season has become longer over time as there are more rainy days per year than there were 50 years ago. A third found that Bangladesh’s monsoon rains have increased by 7-8 percent per decade since 1920(and this trend is expected to continue).
How to Safeguard Against Floods?
There are many different ways to safeguard against floods. For example, you can contact your insurance company and ask about flood insurance. You can also talk with your bank and see if they offer a flood-proof loan.
If you live in a high-risk area or near water, you can talk with your insurance company about raising your home’s elevation. These are just three of the many ways to protect yourself from floods.
Have a Safety Plan in Place
If you are in a region at risk for flooding, it is essential to have a safety plan in place. Floods can happen quickly and can come with little warning. They can ruin homes and belongings, so it is essential to know what precautions you should be taking during high water season.
- Stay informed about flood alerts. You may want to sign up for the National Weather Service’s free Alerts by Email service or follow them on Twitter to get updates of any flood warnings.
- Monitor local forecasts and watches/warnings for your area.
- Be prepared with an emergency kit with food, water, first aid supplies, extra clothing, etc. Include copies of property deeds, insurance policies, identification documents (for both adults and children), and other items that might be needed if you are evacuated from your home.
- Identify potential evacuation routes out of your neighborhood before an emergency occurs.
Purchase Flood Insurance
Floods are natural disasters that can happen at any time and can cause severe property damage. You may think you’re safe because your property is not in a flood-prone area, but this is not always the case.
Consider what happened in Houston during Hurricane Harvey. Those living in areas considered “safe” were flooded with water, severely damaging their homes.
You can find out if your home is in a high-risk area by checking the FEMA map for the 100-year flood zone.
If your home falls into this category, it’s worth protecting it with flood insurance, especially if you live in an area that has experienced significant floods in the past.
Flood insurance will protect your home in the event of any future floods – even ones that are not considered to be in a “high-risk” area.
Aim at Making the Neighborhood Spongey
Flooding is a significant issue in many areas of the world, and there are several ways that a person can help lessen the risk of flooding. The first way is to make sure that your home grounds are well-drained.
This means that the soil should be spongey and porous, allowing water to drain through quickly. Another way to help protect against flooding is by avoiding building on flood plains or low-lying areas.
However, if you already live in an area with a high risk of flooding, you can still take steps to make it less likely for your home to flood.
Move to Higher Ground
If you live in a flood zone, it’s essential to know which areas are at risk and be prepared for such events. It’s not enough to know the area you live in; you should also know how high the ground level is and any dams nearby.
Consider Other Storm-Related Hazards
It is essential to consider other storm-related hazards to safeguard against floods. One of these is the impact of high winds. Winds can generate waves, which can create flooding. High winds can also knock down trees and power poles, leading to power outages and blocked roads.
If you are in an area that high winds could impact, take precautions like keeping your home well-insulated to minimize the impact of the wind, clearing away any branches or debris near your home, and securing any loose items outside.
Heavy rainfall impacts the environment in multiple ways. Heavy rainfall causes soil erosion, landslides, and flooding. Erosion can cause flooding when mudflows downhill into lakes, rivers, and streams.
Flooding can also be caused when heavy rains cause lakes to overflow or when rivers overflow their banks.
To help improve the current environmental impact and reduce heavy rainfall, make sure you plant trees around your home to reduce runoff and runoff pollution. Planting trees will help prevent soil erosion and landslides because they will slow down water before entering waterways.
You can also do simple things like using rain barrels inside your home to collect water for lawns or gardens, which will help cut back on water usage since runoff will not need to be used for irrigation purposes. Several steps can be taken to protect against flooding.
First, homes should be elevated above the 100-year flood level.
Next, homeowners should explore the possibility of having their houses waterproofed. This will help prevent future damage caused by water seeping up through the foundation.
Finally, it’s essential to take precautions before the storm hits. This includes cleaning gutters and removing any debris that may clog them up.