Alcohol is the poison that most affects the brain. Alcohol has a particularly detrimental effect on the body of a teenager who has not yet completed the process of forming some parts of the brain, as well as other important organs: heart, lungs, stomach, liver, kidneys. The toxic effect of alcohol on the body of a teenager is several times stronger than on the body of an adult because at this age the tissues are very saturated with water and quickly absorb and spread alcohol throughout the body. At the concentration of alcohol in the blood of 0,5-0,6% (it is accordingly 0,5 l of strong alcohol) for a teenager there can be death. For children, this dose is 100-150 g, for infants – 10-15 g of strong alcohol.
The second after the brain in the body of alcohol affects the liver, in which it is broken down. The accumulation of alcohol in the liver leads to serious disease – cirrhosis, which almost always accompanies chronic alcoholism.
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Alcohol has a detrimental effect on the esophagus and stomach, disrupting the secretion and composition of gastric juice. This worse feeds the food, which in turn negatively affects the growth of young people.
Alcohol also poisons the bronchi and lungs, they become weakened and open the “gate” to other infections, which can lead to respiratory disease.
The heart is very sensitive to alcohol. It changes its rhythm, heart rate, metabolic processes in the heart muscle.
Finally, reverse changes occur in the blood. The protective property of blood decreases, the movement of erythrocytes, which carry oxygen in the human body, slows down, the property of blood coagulation deteriorates.
So we can conclude that the use of alcohol by adolescents and children is not just undesirable, but unacceptable.
Drunkenness and alcoholism, directly and indirectly, have a detrimental effect on the processes of population reproduction, contributing to lower birth rates. It is estimated that the average number of abortions per woman in families where men regularly consume alcohol is 2.5 times higher than in prosperous families.
Even the ancient Greek pagan scientist and philosopher Aristotle expressed a firm belief that alcoholism is inherited. During a long historical period, when there were no necessary languages for systematic scientific research, and numerous conclusions were made only on the basis of observations and logical inferences of individual scientists, this opinion was shared by many physicians in different countries. Modern medicine has confirmed the views expressed by Aristotle and revealed a number of other problems that await a child born into an alcoholic family.
Science from drug counseling near me distinguishes the following main ways in which alcoholism affects men and women in their offspring.
1. Teratogenic. The birth of a defective child, is due to the use of alcohol by a woman on the day of conception or in the first weeks of pregnancy. Alcohol, which penetrates the placenta, can have a direct toxic effect on the cells of the embryo and fetus, causing various abnormalities, called “alcohol syndrome” or “alcoholic embryo effect”.
2. Mutagenic. Various chromosome damage, stretch marks and ruptures, the formation of ring chromosomes of germ cells as a result of chronic alcohol abuse by parents. In the fetus, instead of two sex chromosomes, three are formed, which leads to the birth of a mentally retarded child.
3. Somatogenous. Associated with injuries and chronic diseases of alcoholic parents, which adversely affects fetal development.
Infants suffer from alcoholism through the blood and milk of the mother.
If the influence of the father on the fetus is determined only at the time of conception, the development of the embryo is more influenced by the mother’s body. Overdose of alcohol and its toxic products, the mother’s blood easily penetrates through the placenta into the blood of the fetus, disrupting metabolism. Which leads to miscarriages, premature births, the birth of mentally retarded children. In this case, it’s crucial to get treatment at a rehab near me before planning pregnancy.
The effects of alcohol on humans are not limited to the fetal period. Alcohol, drunk by the mother, feeds the child, passes into the milk and the baby’s body, brings him irreparable harm. Children born of drunks, even without mental anguish, grow up weak, nervous, closed, vicious, cruel.
According to drug rehabs near me, the development of alcohol dependence has four phases:
1. Initial phase.
The person finds that alcohol improves her mood, helps to get rid of fear and strengthens faith in their own strength. Initially, a person consumes alcohol for this purpose, but gradually gets used to it, the intervals between alcohol consumption are reduced. She drinks fast, especially when she starts to reach a certain level of intoxication faster, she doesn’t worry, she drinks as much as she needs.
2. Preliminary phase.
Alcohol users seek to constantly increase the dose. Alcohol consumption is becoming more frequent. Increasingly, there is a state of intoxication.
3. Decisive phase.
Alcohol dependence develops. The person who drinks is no longer able to control himself, he cannot stop. Sometimes she drinks for several days in a row, often drinking. There are problems with the environment. People condemn alcoholics, they perceive it as an injustice and an additional reason to drink. He often decides or promises not to drink or drink less, but he fails.
4. The final phase.
With alcohol dependence, an individual can no longer live without alcohol. In the morning he was forced to “skip a glass” to get himself in working order. Without alcohol, he feels bad, irritable, unable to concentrate, his hands are shaking, his arm hurts, his head hurts. He gets drunk now faster than before, nothing stops him. All this leads to personality disorders, complete loss of ability to work, rupture of relations in the team and family.
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